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抑郁症伴焦虑症该怎么办?后悔就是抑郁担心就是焦虑症?

文章来源:贵阳中医脑康医院预约挂号

  “患上抑郁症的人大多数是‘身在病中不知病“。

  贵州脑康中医院抑郁症医生提醒大家,当出现以下9种症状两周以上就要注意了:

抑郁症

  1.一天中的大部分时间情绪低落,感到空虚无助悲伤烦躁爱哭泣等,但夜晚时症状会减轻

  2.对所有的事情明显感觉兴趣不大

  3.未节食却体重明显下降或增加

  4.失眠或嗜睡,易早醒

  5.性趣减退

  6.做事情明显精力不够

  7.感觉自己或环境一无是处,或是感觉过多的内疚

  8.犹豫不决,总因一件事而纠结

  9.反复想到死或试图自杀。

  焦虑症,以焦虑情绪体验为主要特征。其主要表现为:无明确客观对象的紧张担心,坐立不安、心悸、手抖、出汗、尿频,甚至患者突然出现极度恐惧的心理,感觉到濒死感或失控感。

  抑郁症与焦虑症的区别

  “抑郁症和焦虑症有共病成分,比如食欲下降、睡眠障碍、容易疲劳等。

  但二者还是有区别的,抑郁症主要表现为对过去所发生的一些事情后悔自责,焦虑症表现为莫名的担心,担心没有指向性,担心万一怎么样;抑郁症是一种自我诋毁,别人都比我强,焦虑症是自主神经功能紊乱,出现坐立不安、心慌气短、手抖、出汗、尿频等症状。”

  简单区分是后悔就是抑郁,担心就是焦虑症。

  心理问题及早治疗

  其实每个人都有压力,只是看我们自己能否把这些压力释放掉,当不能释放的时候,随着时间的推移,慢慢就会形成心理疾病。对于心理疾病一定要正视,当发现自己或亲人有抑郁症倾向,如常出现闷闷不乐、严重失眠、坐立不安、有轻生念头等现象,要及时去医院检查,不要以为常交流、提供良好的环境、不惹生气、不给压力,他或她就会想开了。

  抑郁症是生物学改变,脑内神经递质改变,一旦得病仅做这些是不够的,需去专科医院治疗。

  勿和自己较劲

  现代社会压力大节奏快,很多人都有不同程度的心理问题,抑郁症焦虑症高发、抑郁症年轻化趋势……在网络上常看到这样的标题和文字,看后感觉很担心,甚至产生自我怀疑。

  “抑郁症焦虑症是一种精神疾病,在现代人的心理问题中只占百分之几,生活节奏快压力大所造成的心理问题其实更多的是心理冲突问题,与心理疾病是两回事,还未达到抑郁焦虑的程度。

  不能说现代人心理压力大就都抑郁了焦虑了,这种说法是不科学、不客观的。中国有疾病学流动学调查,抑郁发病率不超过百分之三,没有那么多人得抑郁症和焦虑症,很多人误用了这个概念。”

  “现代社会人们心理问题主要是心理冲突,鱼与熊掌想兼得就造成了冲突,目标实现不了,就对自己不认可了,就易出现心理问题;有的人做事左右两难,前怕狼后怕虎,畏畏缩缩,或者进退两难,想这样那样做又怕后果不好。这些都是心理冲突的表现。”

  “有一句话叫‘没有最好,只有更好’,抱有这样的理念,对自己的价值观进行认真审视,心理冲突就会少一点。比如大学生找工作,不是工作不好找,关键是不认可,想要高薪又要体面,这样的工作就不很容易,若起点低一些,慢慢来,可能就不会造成心理问题。价值理念合理一些,苦恼烦恼就会少一些。不跟自己较劲不为难自己,很多事情终会过去。”

  关于抑郁症,你还想了解更多吗?下面北京德胜门精神科给大家推荐一篇国外的文献阅读,希望您对抑郁症有更多的了解。

  You've noticed some changes lately. Maybe you feel sad, hopeless, or don’t get any joy out of activities that used to be fun. Sounds like depression, right?

  Maybe that's not all. Sometimes you're worried, afraid, and just plain uneasy. Isn't that a sign of anxiety?

  Not so fast. It’s normal to have ups and downs or to have things you’re concerned about. You might be going through a difficult time. Your doctor can help you figure out if it’s actually a condition and what would help.

  Depression and anxiety are like flip sides of the same coin, says therapist Nancy B. Irwin, PsyD. "Being depressed often makes us anxious, and anxiety often makes us depressed."

  If it turns out that you have both conditions, there are lots of ways to get help.

  Talk Therapy (Counseling)

  A professional therapist can develop a plan to treat your anxiety and depression at the same time.

  Some types of therapy that can help are:

  Cognitive behavioral (teaches you to adjust your thoughts and actions)

  Interpersonal (shows you how to communicate better)

  Problem-solving (gives you skills to manage your symptoms)

  You can find a therapist who specializes in these through the Anxiety Disorders Association of America. Or ask your doctor for a referral.

  Medication

  Your doctor may prescribe an antidepressant drug that treats both depression and anxiety symptoms, such as an “SSRI” (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor), an SNRI (serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor), or others such as bupropion and mirtazapine.

  Some examples of SSRIs are:

  Citalopram (Celexa)

  Escitalopram (Lexapro)

  Fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem, Symbyax)

  Fluvoxamine (Luvox)

  Paroxetine (Paxil)

  Sertraline (Zoloft)

  Some examples of SNRIs are:

  Desvenlafaxine (Pristiq)

  Duloxetine (Cymbalta)

  Levomilnacipran (Fetzima)

  Venlafaxine (Effexor)

  Tell your doctor about all your symptoms so he can decide which is best. Also mention any supplements you take, even if they are “natural,” in case they could affect your treatment.

  Keep in mind that it may take a few weeks or months for your medicine to work. You may have to try a few different kinds before you find one that's best for you.

  Exercise

  It’s a proven mood-booster that’s good for your body and mind. Exercise also raises your self-esteem and confidence and can improve your relationships. And it’s considered to be a treatment for mild to moderate depression.

  "Even a brisk walk can jump-start the endorphins," which are chemicals in your brain that help you feel good, Irwin says.

  High-energy and frequent exercise is best. Aim to do it at least 3-5 times a week. If you need motivation, go with friends or join a group, suggests psychiatrist Ken Braslow, MD.

  Relaxation Techniques

  Give yoga, meditation, and breathing exercises a try.

  Meditating for just 2-5 minutes during the day can ease your anxiety and lighten your mood, says psychiatrist Sheenie Ambardar, MD. She suggests trying any of these simple strategies:

  Focus on your breath

  Make a picture in your mind of a beautiful image

  Repeat a simple word or mantra, like "love" or "happiness"

  你平时是否有精神压抑、情绪低落、失眠、心里有压抑感、高兴不起来。对周围的人和事不感兴趣,记忆力减退,脑力迟钝,学习工作中注意力不能集中,工作效率减退,情绪沮丧、早晨心情沉重、要哭或想哭,食欲差体重减轻呢?

  出现以上症状,建议及时的咨询医生,及在医生的指导下进行检查治疗。

  抑郁症怎么办?又不好意思去医院

  别担心、还有北京德胜们中医院

  温馨提示:抑郁症不治疗比吃药危害更大!!!北京的中医院哪家冶抑郁症最好?北京德胜门精神科医院是一所真正具有特色中医的中医院,专业治疗抑郁症,是北京失眠症、抑郁症医院的翘楚。最后,还要唠叨一句,抑郁症如果一直自己调节都没有好转,建议是及时到医院检查治疗,抑郁症危害多多百度一下你就知道。

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